In 2011, India’s ministry of drinking water and sanitation envisioned that by 2017, half the country’s rural households would have piped water. However, no more than 17% of rural households had piped water in July 2017, according to the ministry’s own data.
Nearly all rural households in Sikkim, India’s second-smallest state by population, get piped water, while in Uttar Pradesh, India’s most populous state, less than 1% of rural households have piped water.
Rural water supply is a state subject, although the Centre funds 30% of such spending.
Source: Rajya SabhaNote: Data are as of July 11, 2017. Goa has not reported data since 2014-15.
After Sikkim, Gujarat does best, with 73% households connected to piped water; Himachal Pradesh is next (57%), followed by Puducherry (50%).
At the bottom of the table, as we said, is Uttar Pradesh, but West Bengal (0.67%), Meghalaya and Bihar (1%) and Assam and Tripura (2%) also do badly.
In 18 of 29 Indian states, the proportion of rural households with piped water is lower than the national average of 17%.
(Nair, a graduate in economics and statistics from Mumbai University, is an intern with IndiaSpend and FactChecker.)