Health Ministry: New Claims, No New Programmes

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During Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s first year in office, the health ministry has relaunched existing programmes and claimed credit for programmes not launched by the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government.

 

Fact Checker took a look at the claims and realities:

 

1. Mission Indradhanush, a new immunisation programme: Only the name is new

 

Claim: A new programme named Mission Indradhanush will target areas of low immunisation.

 

Reality: Mission Indradhanush is the new name for Special Immunisation Weeks (SIWs), which have been conducted every year in areas of low immunisation under the Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP).

 

Special vaccination campaigns have been planned for seven to 10 days in 201 high-focus districts during March-June 2015 under Mission Indradhanush. But this has routinely been done in preceding years. For example, in 2013-14, four rounds (April, June, July and August) of SIWs were conducted in 31 states and union territories. More than 9.8 million doses of various antigens were administered to children.

 

Similarly, during 2012-13, SIWs were carried out in low-coverage areas and more than 17.3 million doses of various antigens were administered.

 

2. Mission Indradhanush will be world’s largest immunisation drive: It already is

 

Claim: Mission Indradhanush, “the largest-ever immunisation drive”, will immunise 8.9 million children.

 

Reality: UIP is one of the largest programs in the world, according to immunisation summary report jointly published by United Nations Children’s Fund and World Health Organisation.

 

More than 20 million pregnant women and children were immunised during 2011-12, according to data released by the health ministry.

 

3. India Newborn Action Plan (INAP): One of many existing plans

 

Claim: INAP aims to end all preventable new-born deaths and still births by 2030.

 

Reality: INAP is the latest entrant to a long list of existing interventions under the National Health Mission (NHM) to reduce neo-natal and maternal mortality.

 

A few of these interventions and programmes are:

 

  • Round-the-clock maternal care services at community health centres and primary health centres promotion of institutional delivery through Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) and Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK) new-born care corners at all health facilities
  • Special new born care units (SNCUs) and new born stabilisation units
  • Home-based new born care through Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs)
  • Prevention and treatment of anaemia with iron and folic acid tablets during pregnancy and lactation prevention of anaemia due to malaria, tackled by long-lasting insecticide nets and insecticide-treated bed nets
  • Name-based tracking of pregnant women to ensure ante-natal, intra-natal and post-natal care integrated management of neo-natal and childhood illnesses
  • Universal immunisation programme for about 135 million children against seven vaccine-preventable diseases through nine million immunisation sessions each year
  • Capacity building of healthcare providers through training of nurses under NHM
  • Engagement of more than 0.89 million  ASHAs village health and nutrition days
  • Reproductive maternal new-born child-health+adolescent interventions in 184 high priority districts

 

The two targets proposed in INAP are (a) reducing preventable new-born deaths and; (b) reducing preventable still-births to single digits, fewer than 10 per 1,000 live births by 2030 (as against 22 per 1,000 live births today).

 

4. India’s first mental-health policy launched: Work began in 2011

 

Claim: Launched the country’s first-ever mental health policy.

 

Reality: The work of framing a national mental-health policy began in April 2011, following a resolution on mental disorders adopted at the World health Assembly. The government constituted a policy group to frame a mental-health policy, launched in October 2014. ■

 

Tomorrow: Power Ministry: Series of false claims, marginal improvements

 

You can read the introductory piece of this series here and the first part here.

 

 

(Manoj K is a graduate of the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, and the founder of the Centre for Governance and Development. He has a special interest in transparency and accountability in governance and has spearheaded several projects on these subjects. He can be contacted at manoj@cgdindia.org.)

 

References:

Fact check 1

  1. Lok Sabha: http://164.100.47.132/LssNew/psearch/QResult16.aspx?qref=12184
  2. Lok Sabha: http://164.100.47.132/LssNew/psearch/QResult16.aspx?qref=6604
  3. PIB: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=102221

Fact check 2

  1. UNICEF: http://www.unicef.org/immunization/files/EN-ImmSumm-2013.pdf
  2. Lok Sabha: http://164.100.47.132/LssNew/psearch/QResult15.aspx?qref=122185
  3. PIB: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=83679

Fact check 3

  1. Lok Sabha: http://164.100.47.132/LssNew/psearch/QResult15.aspx?qref=146872
  2. WHO: http://www.newbornwhocc.org/INAP_Final.pdf

Fact check 4

  1. Lok Sabha: http://164.100.47.132/LssNew/psearch/QResult15.aspx?qref=132677
  2. PIB: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=110417

 

  • Ravi

    1. Mission Indradhanush: Author should have mentioned the aim to increase coverage from 65% in 2014 to 90% in 2019. Is this not a step in the positive direction? Also, for comparison, what was the improvement in coverage over the last 5, 10 years?

    2. Mission Indradhanush will be world’s largest immunisation drive: It already is: 8.9 million children would be 1/3 of the numbers of 2011-12. So it is actually a drop. Why is there no mention of that in the text?

    4. India’s first mental-health policy launched: The sentence “The government constituted a policy group to frame a mental-health policy, launched in October 2014.” should instead be “The government constituted a policy group in 2912 to frame a mental-health policy, which was launched in October 2014.”

    • SeeTheMirror

      Not to mention the Mental health policy was ideally targeted at CONgrASS members.

      • Never Blind

        You need help, or a deportation. Ignorance and showmanship are not valid arguments, even if that is what our PM relies on.

        • SeeTheMirror

          Tum na mujhe deport nahi kar sakte.. itna tumhari haisiyat nahi hai. Help kar sakte ho..go and drown collectively in the Arabian sea (or indian ocean choice is yours) and never come back. Kyaa? BTW that comment of yours proves my point that you are mental.

          • Never Blind

            That double negative at the start is enough to indicate you have little or no intellectual substance.

            In other words, you are not to blame for your ignorance. It most likely stems from a household of primitive thinking, sadly the apples don’t fall far from the tree.

            Know this tho, my moronic friend and countryman. You are not doing any good for yourself, your family or your country.

            “Mental” doesn’t suggest I’m in anyway lacking in mental faculties either. So your comment basically said nothing.

    • Never Blind

      Do you realize none of your points make sense? “aim to increase….2019” this isn’t a review of Govt policies and intentions.

      It is a fact check of Govt claims, and shows where the Govt. has lied/misrepresented facts to mislead the people.

      A free and unbiased media is a pillar of democracy, and such checks should be done in main stream media, who have the resources to make a difference. If you want a better India, why hide from the facts?